The Amazing History of Domfront

Welcome back to #traveltuesday, with me your host Briony-Molly. All jokes aside, being a local tourist has really made me value the part of France I live in. I am sharing with you the highs and lows the best and the better places in Normandy. Today’s post we are looking at one of my favourite spots year-round – Domfront.
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domfrontstsimeon5
View from the Chateau, Lumix G7 1/2000 f/8.0 ISO200

 

A Brief History

Situated in Orne Department (61), Domfront is allocated ontop of a bluff or a sand-based ridge, overlooking the Varenne river. The town is thought to be established in the 6th century, initially as a hermitage. Later on, the medieval city of Domfront played an integral part in the wars against the English and the French wars of religion. The château (castle) played a very strategic role throughout the medieval period, and up until the 1500s, where the protestant leader, Count of Montgomery sought refuge in 1574. The castle was besieged by royal troops under the Marshal of Matignon, capitulating on 27th May that same year. Unfortunately after that, the castle was abandoned, leading to its deconstruction in 1608. Since then, the town has been built up out of the castle’s walls and stones. The castle itself was turned into a park in the 1800s and planted with a menagerie of rare and interesting trees. Archeology started in the castle grounds around this time, reviving parts of the walls and marking the foundations of the chapel.

In more recent history, Domfront was a key part of the french resistance during the Second World War, with a safe house for Allied Airmen. and resistance fighters. There is a plaque commemorating this outside the small safe house at the edge of the park. Now the medieval quarter of the town is relatively quiet, despite its incredible history and beautiful architecture hidden in the winding streets.

The central church, l’eglise St. Julien, is an architectural wonder.  Marred with history the church was dedicated to St-Julien, the first bishop of Le Mans. First built-in the Middle Ages on Place St-Julien it was deemed too small, so it was demolished in 1744. In 1748,  another church was built on the present site, further east than the original 12th-century church.  During the French Revolution, the church suffered from the fighting eventually falling into disrepair. The church was further damaged by a storm in 1923 and had to be replaced again by the church you see today. As a 20th century construction, the spire is an incredible octagon, forming unique acoustics inside. As with most churches, they are free to visit, as long as you stay respectful of the space.

Things to Do, Places to See…

The town itself is situated on the edge of the natural park, full of trails for hiking, cycling, and horseriding. The tourism office near the castle offers maps for the walking loops, from 3km to 23km, perfect for any level of adventurer. The area itself is pretty flat (it’s Normandy) so the walks seem to be fairly straight forward. I’ve yet to go on any of these forest walks, but they are on my summer to-do list, so I will probably update this post with my favourite walks later this year!

If walking isn’t your go-to activity, fear not as there is a wealth of culture and history, not just in the town but also in the surrounding area. Lonlay Abbey and Notre-Dame-sur-l’Eau Church, date back to the initial establishment of Domfront, being one of the major religious buildings in the area. The first monks came to the abbey from the Benedictine to pray for the soul of William I of Bellême, the founder of the abbey, and owner of castles in both Allençon and Domfront. The abbey is now pretty well known for its biscuits. You may notice in the supermarkets of Normandy you’ll find “Biscuiterie de l’Abbaye” and these are the biscuits made at the Lonlay Abbey. There are tours of the factory as well as factory shop, meaning you can enjoy a bit of history and some tasty treats.
Other impressive buildings in the area include La Table du Diable (The Devil’s Table) between Domfront and Mantilly, a 5000-year-old long barrow, St-Roch-sur-Egrenne’s Le Monument du Sacre Couer, a beautiful unique diorama and 15th-century church and the town hall within the medieval quarter of Domfront, that houses a museum.

 

domfront
Christmas lights 2016, Canon 6D

 

 

The town of Domfront holds an immense amount of concerts and festivals. Every year, the town alternates between a world-renowned medieval fete and a mythical folklore themed festival. Along with these annual events, the town holds numerous musical concerts and soirées in the medieval town and the surrounding churches. Information on all the upcoming concerts and events are always advertised at the local tourism offices. A side note: regardless of where you are in France, the tourist office will have everything you need to know and more.

I personally can not wait for things to reopen again so I can visit the churches and factories again, as well as get out and explore the forests. if there is anything I have missed out in this post, comment down below! I am still relatively new to the area, so recommendations are greatly received and appreciated!

More Info on the Area:

Click to access decouvrir_domfront_2012_notredamesurleau_abbayelonlay_FR_GB.pdf

Click to access decouvrir_domfront_2017_les_eglises.pdf

https://www.biscuiterie-abbaye.com/
http://www.ot-domfront.com/index.htm

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